Diwali also called Deepavali. This is a major holiday in the Indian world. This word is taken from the Sanskrit. Diwali word meaning is “row of lamps”. Because it’s called as Deepavali. Inseparable from the great festival to Indians.
A popular festival in India:
It is the festival of lights, where gifts and fireworks are offered. The festivities last five days, of which the third, the most important “Bari Diwali”. It is dedicated to the goddess Lakshmi, while other four being associated with different legends and traditions.
This third day is also the last of the year. Believes in the north of India. The next day, the beginning of the Hindu New Year is known as Annakut in northern India.
In South India, this festival does not agree with the beginning of the new year because another calendar is used, the Shalivahana calendar.
Besides Hindus, Sikhs and Jains also celebrate this festival, attaching to it other symbolic values and different historical references. and also celebrated in Nepal, and in many countries where large Indian communities live, such as Malaysia, Singapore, or South Africa.
How to celebrate of Diwali:
The date of the festival is set according to the traditional Hindu calendars, the Vedic calendar is the Vikram in North India. According to which the New Year is the fourth day of the holidays of this day – and the Shalivahana in South India.
Cows decorated for Diwali:
Box of individual fireworks, very popular for the festival of Diwali, especially in West Bengal
The festivities begin with Dhanteras, the first day, which evokes the Lord of Death, Yama Raj.
The second is Narak Chaturdashi, called “Little Diwali”, who celebrates the defeat of Narakasura, the demon of dirt. The third day, the most important consideration to all of the people.
On this occasion, the elephant god, Ganesh, is still associated with Lakshmi. The fourth day, called Annakut or Navu Varsh, marks the beginning of the new year.
It is the day of the puja of Govardhana, named after the hill that raised Krishna to save his village. It is also the Gudi Padwa devoted to love between spouses. Finally, the fifth day or Bhai Duj is dedicated to brotherly love.
On the occasion of day, young and old, rich and poor, exchange sweets and detonate firecrackers, Bengal fires and fireworks. Next day Diwali marks the beginning of the financial year in Northern India, which is proper since Lakshmi is supposed to bring wealth and prosperity.
Preparations and festival:
This festival day is an opportunity to decorate houses and streets and to enjoy different dishes, including treats. After the religious part of the party, we exchange gifts, we fireworks and we will attend the shows of all kinds proposed in the mela, the large gatherings that take place
Diwali is faithful from Diya or dips lamps, mostly terracotta, but sometimes metallic. These are filling up with oil or ghee, clarified butter, and burn with a wick, usually made of cotton. Candles also used.
Rangoli are the decorations that decorate houses, courtyards, shrines and other buildings. The third day, Lakshmi, according to popular belief, comes to visit the houses. Also pinched on the ground with rice flour.
And to repel evil spirits. form geometric shapes also used with Rangoli Coloured powders. This decoration is over with mango leaves and garlands of worries.
The puja celebration is the needed number of objects. The religious ceremony held in honour of Lakshmi and Ganesh.